Human rights defenders
Entrenched inequality; high levels of racial, ethnic and gender discrimination; increasing levels of violence; and, unstable democracies with weak judicial systems exist in many places across Latin America. However, a vibrant civil society is pushing back against these human rights abuses and working to hold governments, criminal groups and corporations accountable. A result of this activism is that many human rights defenders and their families face retaliation by those state and non-state actors that they challenge, in the form of harassment, detention, interrogation, imprisonment, torture and even death.
Overbrook funds varying approaches to defending human rights defenders at risk in Latin America. These strategies for supporting human rights activists and their families/communities on the ground range from physically extracting activists who find themselves in dangerous situations, to organizing campaigns calling international attention to activists under attack, to providing them with training on how to operate safely on the internet and maintain secure and private communications with their fellow activists. Others are using networked models of support and solidarity across movements and geographies, offering legal support or re-granting to strengthen civil society responses to ongoing threats.
Below are Overbrook’s 2013 grantees defending human rights defenders in Latin America.
Linking Human Rights and Environmental Protection in Columbia: Designing a first contact contingency plan with isolated tribes in the Amazon - $17,500 (second payment of a three-year grant, jointly funded with the Environment program)
The Amazon Conservation Team (ACT) works in partnership with indigenous peoples to conserve biodiversity and culture in South America, and is committed to building trusting relationships with indigenous and agrarian communities, enabling them to play a focal role in the protection of the Amazon. ACT proposes to safeguard the rights and livelihoods of isolated indigenous groups—tribes without contact with Western society—and biodiversity within the Puré River and Cahuinarí National Parks and adjacent indigenous reserves in the Colombian Amazon by developing contingency plans for uncontacted tribes in the very likely situation of eventual contact with national society. The contiguous project area—the Northwest Amazon Biocultural Conservation Corridor—comprises more than 22 million acres of uninterrupted rainforests between the Caquetá and Putumayo Rivers in Colombia, bordering Peru and Brazil.
Promoting Human Rights for Marginalized Communities in Latin America - $40,000 (first payment of a two-year grant)
Inspired by the Jewish commitment to justice, American Jewish World Service works to realize human rights and end poverty in the global south. Through this project, American Jewish World Service will promote natural resource rights, sexual health and rights, and civil and political participation for marginalized communities in Latin America, particularly for human rights defenders, women and indigenous populations. To achieve this, AJWS provides grants and capacity building programs to community based groups. Overbrook’s support will enable AJWS’ grassroots grantees to improve their own security and protection against threats, have greater access to safety mechanisms, and experience increased visibility around their protection needs.
Defending Frontline Journalists in Mexico - $25,000
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) promotes press freedom worldwide and defends the right of journalists to report the news without fear of reprisal. CPJ will carry out intensive reporting and advocacy to highlight the threats facing the media in Mexico and apply pressure on the government to confront the violence. Building on past advocacy and the resulting legal protections for reporters, CPJ will prod authorities to prosecute the killers of journalists and strengthen the protection mechanism for targeted journalists. It will also expand outreach to journalists at risk, engage local journalists in efforts to improve their security, and provide direct aid in emergency situations.
General Operating Support for Work in Latin America - $25,000
The Environmental Defender Law Center (EDLC) works to protect the human rights of individuals and communities in developing countries who are fighting against harm to their environment. EDLC’s primary role is brokering: identifying cases of people who are suffering human rights abuses while protecting the environment and their way of life, and enlisting lawyers from premier firms to work on their behalf. EDLC and the law firms defend these environmental defenders from unfounded criminal charges and civil suits; argue for the enforcement of international human rights norms to local courts and human rights bodies; bring precedent-setting claims against multinational corporations; and help communities stop unwanted resource development projects.
Protecting Latin American Human Rights Defenders - $50,000 (first payment of a two-year grant)
Front Line: The International Foundation for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders was founded in Dublin in 2001 with the specific aim of protecting human rights defenders (HRDs), people who work non-violently for the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Front Line Defenders has assisted HRDs in over 151 countries through a personalized and flexible program of tangible support that includes elements of immediate, medium and long-term protection and capacity building. The core elements of the Front Line Defenders program include security grant support, training, advocacy, promotion of HRD networking and access to the mechanisms of the UN and other regional bodies. The intended outcome of this program is the protection of Latin American human rights defenders, which will result in an expansion in the space in which they can work to promote open and just society throughout Latin America
Combating Human Rights Violations in Mexico - $45,000 (first payment of a two-year grant)
For more than 30 years, Human Rights Watch (HRW) has fought tenaciously to bring greater justice and security to people around the world. Human Rights Watch uses a proven methodology to achieve long-term, meaningful impact: meticulous research that provides irrefutable evidence of serious human rights abuse; widespread communication of its research findings in a variety of formats and languages; and, compelling advocacy targeting decision-makers who will bring about change. Human Rights Watch has documented grave human rights abuses in Mexico, including rape, torture, “disappearances,” and killings, committed by security forces, who are virtually never held accountable. After this research, the organization plans to press for systematic changes within Mexico that will address the chronic abuses and impunity that HRW has documented.
Protecting Maya Q’eqchi’ Land and Resource Rights in Guatemala - $35,000
The Indian Law Resource Center is a legal advocacy organization working to promote and defend the human rights of indigenous peoples in the Americas. The Center provides assistance without charge to Indian nations and other indigenous communities that are working to protect their lands, environments, cultures and ways of life; combat racism and oppression; achieve sustainable economic development and genuine self-government; and, realize their human rights. The Center is serving as legal counsel to a Maya Q’eqchi’ community and supporting 15 others in El Estor, Guatemala, who are fighting to secure legal title to their lands and resources and stop a nickel mine from expanding onto their ancestral lands. The Center has taken this case to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights where it aims to demonstrate that the human rights violations against the Center’s clients merit strong and immediate corrective actions by the Guatemalan government.
Protecting Human Rights Defenders in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Colombia - $30,000 (first payment of a two-year grant)
Peace Brigades International (PBI) uses its international presence and global networks to protect, support and enable the work of human rights defenders and local activists for peaceful social change. PBI’s signature approach is international protective accompaniment but support is also provided through capacity building, policy advocacy, and other creative approaches. International protective accompaniment is an integrated accompaniment strategy that uses the direct presence of international volunteers on the ground combined with a range of associated networking, communications and advocacy tools applied at the local, national, regional and global levels. Overbrook's grant supports PBI's work in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and Colombia.
Defending Freedom of Information in Latin America - $20,000
Reporters Without Borders has worked to promote and defend freedom of information worldwide since 1985. Through the project Defending Freedom of Information in Latin America, Reporters Without Borders will continue to issue regular investigative statements that respond to abuses of press freedom in the region, lead strong advocacy and mobilizing campaigns, and provide consistent support to Latin American journalists, bloggers and community media workers who are at risk. It will lead an advocacy campaign and bring assistance to relatives of killed and disappeared journalists in Mexico, support materially threatened community radios, and conduct investigations in partnership with our 27 correspondents in Latin America and fact-finding missions in Colombia and/or Bolivia.
General Operating Support - $40,000
The Urgent Action Fund of Latin America and the Spanish-speaking Caribbean (FAU-AL) is a feminist, non-profit organization that promotes and defends the Human Rights of the diversity of women. It mobilizes resources in support of women’s organizations and human rights activists through Rapid Response Grants (RRG) when they require time-urgent access to small grants to take advantage of unanticipated opportunities or confront unexpected threats. The organization also involves grantees in evaluating its Rapid Response Grant Making and engages them in conversations related to the Sustainability of Women’s Human Rights Activism. Beginning in 2013, FAU-AL and participating grantees will investigate best practices for defending women’s human rights in the context of threats from “shadow powers” (i.e. non-state actors like paramilitary groups or narco-traffickers) and the defense of women’s rights to territory, land, and food sovereignty in areas of intensive resource extraction.
Promoting Human Rights in the Americas Through Video-for-Change - $45,000 (first payment of a two-year grant)
WITNESS is a global nonprofit organization based in New York that promotes the use of video in support of human rights. For two decades, WITNESS has demonstrated that with the proper skills, tools, networks and platforms, human rights defenders throughout the world can harness the power of communications technologies to address violations and support their rights. Today, as ever-increasing numbers of activists and ordinary citizens throughout the world are turning to video-for-change, WITNESS seeks to ensure that those closest to home – in North America and Latin America – do so safely, ethically and effectively. WITNESS is well positioned to lead this effort given its two decades of expertise at the intersection of human rights, media and technology and its deep commitment to furthering human rights in the Americas.